Until 1995, most activities in the Mexican energy sector were controlled by national monopolies. That year Mexico created the Comision Reguladora de Energia (CRE), with the mandate to regulate some power and gas activities where the private sector was allowed to invest. In 2013 the energy sector suffered a profound reform and CRE was given the task to regulate all power and hydrocarbon activities, with the exception of upstream, with the objective of promoting competitive markets. With this new restructuring, the scope of the CRE’s activities was greatly enhanced. Montserrat Ramiro is the only female on CRE’s seven-member board. On fellowship she plans to study the potential for smart grids to integrate clean energies and renewables. Such innovations can be of particular value in cities with pollution crises, including Mexico City.